[email protected]

What are the Different types of Android Version ?

Do You have Question that….

What are the Different Version of Android ?

What are the different flavor of Android ?

Different type of Android Version available in Market ?

List of Types of Android Release ?

 If you’ve heard of Android, chances are you’ve heard all about its various versions. Some call it fragmentation, some say it’s the nature of open-source, but in reality it’s both a curse and a blessing. Regardless, it’s good to have a little context about what all these version numbers and names mean when you see them posted on the Internet.

Each major version of Android has a dessert-based nickname, and they are all in alphabetical order. We like to think it’s because of the delicious things they each have offered, but the folks at Google are pretty tight-lipped about why they used the internal code names they did. They certainly have a good sense of humor, and seem to like tasty deserts.

Below is a quick primer on the the different versions of Android that are still alive and kicking, from Oldest to Newest :

ANDROID 1.5 : CUPCAKE

Android cupcake 1.5

    • Release Date : April 30, 2009 
    • API Level : 3
    • Popularity : Very Low

The 1.5 Cupcake update was upgraded to the 2.6.27 Linux kernel, making everything more stable and secure, it also set the trend for the dessert-based naming convention which would persist to this day, and into the foreseeable future. Cupcake launched in April 2009.

As well as the arrival of Android’s own virtual keyboard, support for third party keyboards, including those with text prediction and user dictionaries, was added to the system. Alongside this debut was the first-time appearance of live and up-datable widgets for the Android platform – something we can’t imagine being without now.

By default Android cupcake included five live widgets – an analogue clock, a calendar, a music player, a picture frame and a search function, however the main thing was that the platform would support widgets created by third parties, allowing developers to go nuts.

ANDROID 1.6 : DONUT

android donut 1.6

    • Release Date : September 15, 2009
    • API Level : 4
    • Popularity :  0.1%

Donut, released in September 2009, built on the features that came with Android 1.5, and expanded them. While not very rich in the eye-candy department, Android 1.6 made some major improvements behind the scenes, and provided the framework base for the amazing features to come.  To the end user, the two biggest changes would have to be the improvements to the Android Market, and universal search.

Behind the screen, Donut brought support for higher resolution touchscreens,  much improved camera and gallery support, and perhaps most importantly, native support for Sprint and Verizon phones. Without the technology in Android 1.6, there would be no Motorola Droid X or HTC Evo 4G.The devices released with Android 1.6 cover a wide range of taste and features, including the Motorola Devour, the Garminphone, and the Sony Ericsson Xperia X10.

ANDROID 2.0 – 2.1 : ECLAIR

eclair_2009

    • Release Date : October 26, 2009
    • API Level : 7
    • Popularity : 1.5 %

Eclair was a pretty major step up over its predecessors. Introduced in late 2009, Android 2.0 first appeared on the Motorola Droid, bringing improvements in the browser, Google Maps, and a new user interface. Google Maps Navigation also was born in Android 2.0, quickly bringing the platform on par with other stand-along GPS navigation systems.Android 2.0 quickly gave way to 2.0.1, which the Droid received in December 2009, mainly bringing bugfixes. And to date, the Droid remains the phone phone to have explicitly received Android 2.0.1.

The now-defunct Google Nexus One was the first device to receive Android 2.1 when it launched in January 2010, bringing a souped-up UI with cool 3D-style graphics. From there, the rollout of Android 2.1 has been relatively slow and painful. Manufacturers skipped Android 2.0 in favor of the latest version but needed time to tweak their customizations, such as Motorola’s Motoblur.

HTC’s Desire and Legend phones launched with Android 2.1 later in the year, touting a new and improved Sense user interface.

ANDROID 2.2 : FROYO

froyo-android-2.2

    • Release Date : May 20, 2010
    • API Level : 8
    • Popularity : 3.1 %

Android 2.2 was announced in May 2010 at the Google IO conference in San Francisco. The single largest change was the introduction of the Just-In-Time Compiler — or JIT — which significantly speeds up the phone’s processing power. Froyo gts popularity and its covers 3.1% of total market coverage.

Along with the JIT, Android 2.2 also brings support for Adobe Flash 10.1. That means you can play your favorite Flash-based games in Android’s web browser. Take that, iPhone!Froyo also brought native support for tethering, meaning you could use your Android smartphone’s data connection to provide Internet (wirelessly or with a USB cable) to just about any device you want. Sadly, most carriers will strip this native support in exchange for some sort of feature they can charge for. (Can’t really blame them, can you?)

ANDROID 2.3–2.3.2 : GINGERBREAD

android Gingerbread 2.3 logo

    • Release Date : 2.3 – 2.3.2 (December 6, 2010)  & 2.3.3–2.3.7 (February 9, 2011)
    • API Level : 10
    • Popularity : 34.1 %

Android 2.3 came out of the oven in December 2010, and like Eclair, has a new “Googlephone” to go along with — the Nexus S.  Gingerbread brings a few UI enhancements to Android, things like a more consistent feel across menus and dialogs, and a new black notification bar, but still looks and feels like the Android we’re used to, with the addition of a slew of new language support.

Behind the scenes, the fellows at Mountain View spent time with more JIT (the Just-In-Time compiler) optimizations, and made great improvements to Androids garbage collection, which should stop any stuttering and improve UI smoothness.  Round that out with new a multi-media framework for better support of sound and video files.

Gingerbread brings support for new technology as well.  NFC (Near Field Communication) is now supported, and SIP (Internet calling) support is now native on Android. Further optimizations for better battery life round out a nice upgrade.

 

ANDROID 3.1 – 3.2 : HONEYCOMB

android 3 honeycomb

    • Release Date : 3.1 (May 10, 2011)  & 3.2 (July 15, 2011)
    • API Level : 12 (Android 3.1)  & 13 (Android 3.2)
    • Popularity : 0.1 %

Android 3.0 came out in February 2011 with the Motorola Xoom. It’s the first version of Android specifically made for tablets, and brings a lot of new UI elements to the table.  Things like a new System bar at the bottom of the screen to replace the Status bar we see on phones, and a new recent applications button are a great addition for the screen real estate offered by Android tablets.

Some of the standard Google applications have also been updated for use with Honeycomb, including the Gmail app and the Talk app.  Both make great use of fragments, and the Talk app has video chat and calling support built in.  Under the hood, 3D rendering and hardware acceleration have been greatly improved.

We can’t talk about Honeycomb without mentioning that it also shows Google’s new distribution method, where manufacturers are given the source code and license to use it only after their hardware choices have been approved by Google.  This dampens third party development, as the source code is no longer available for all to download and build, but Google assures us they will address this issue in the future.

Improvements to Honeycomb were announced at Google IO in May 2011 as Android 3.1, and Android 3.2 has followed.

 

ANDROID 4.0.3–4.0.4 : ICE CREAM SANDWICH

android 4 android ics ice cream sandwich

    • Release Date : December 16, 2011
    • API Level : 15
    • Popularity : 23.3 %

The follow-up to Honeycomb was announced at Google IO in May 2011 and released in December 2011. Dubbed Ice Cream Sandwich and finally designated Android 4.0, Ice Cream Sandwich brings many of the design elements of Honeycomb to smartphones, while refining the Honeycomb experience.Android 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich) is the latest version of the Android platform for phones, tablets, and more. It builds on the things people love most about Android — easy multitasking, rich notifications, customizable home screens, resizable widgets, and deep interactivity — and adds powerful new ways of communicating and sharing.

The first device to launch with ICS was the Samsung Galaxy Nexus. The Motorola Xoom and the ASUS Transformer Prime were the first tablets to receive updates, while the Samsung Nexus S was the first smartphone to make the jump to Android 4.0.

ANDROID 4.1.x – 4.2.x – 4.3.x : JELLY BEAN

android jelly bean 4

    • Release Date : 4.1.x(July 9, 2012) & 4.2.x(November 13, 2012) & 4.3.0 (July 24, 2013)
    • API Level : 16 (4.1.x), 17(4.2.x), 18(4.3)
    • Popularity : 4.1 is 32.5 % & 4.2 is 5.6% Polpular

The follow-up to Honeycomb was announced at Google IO in May 2011 and released in December 2011. Dubbed Ice Cream Sandwich and finally designated Android 4.0, Ice Cream Sandwich brings many of the design elements of Honeycomb to smartphones, while refining the Honeycomb experience.Android 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich) is the latest version of the Android platform for phones, tablets, and more. It builds on the things people love most about Android — easy multitasking, rich notifications, customizable home screens, resizable widgets, and deep interactivity — and adds powerful new ways of communicating and sharing.

The first device to launch with ICS was the Samsung Galaxy Nexus. The Motorola Xoom and the ASUS Transformer Prime were the first tablets to receive updates, while the Samsung Nexus S was the first smartphone to make the jump to Android 4.0.

Android Version history by API level

  • Android 1.0 : (API level 1)

    Android 1.0, the first commercial version of the software, was released on 23 September 2008. The first commercially available Android device was the HTC Dream. Android 1.0 incorporated the following features:

    • Android Market application download and updates through the Market app
    • Web browser to show, zoom and pan full HTML and XHTML web pages – multiple pages show as windows (“cards”)
    • Camera support – however, this version lacked the option to change the camera’s resolution, white balance, quality, etc.
    • Folders allowing the grouping of a number of app icons into a single folder icon on the Home screen
    • Access to web email servers, supporting POP3, IMAP4, and SMTP
    • Gmail synchronization with the Gmail app
    • Google Contacts synchronization with the People app
    • Google Calendar synchronization with the Calendar app
    • Google Maps with Latitude and Street View to view maps and satellite imagery, as well as find local business and obtain driving directions using GPS
    • Google Sync, allowing management of over-the-air synchronization of Gmail, People, and Calendar
    • Google Search, allowing users to search the Internet and phone apps, contacts, calendar, etc.
    • Google Talk instant messaging
    • Instant messaging, text messaging, and MMS
    • Media Player, enabling management, importing, and playback of media files – however, this version lacked video and stereo Bluetooth support
    • Notifications appear in the Status bar, with options to set ringtone, LED or vibration alerts
    • Voice Dialer allows dialing and placing of phone calls without typing a name or number
    • Wallpaper allows the user to set the background image or photo behind the Home screen icons and widgets
    • YouTube video player
    • Other apps include: Alarm Clock, Calculator, Dialer (Phone), Home screen (Launcher), Pictures (Gallery), and Settings
    • Wi-Fi and Bluetooth support
  • Android 1.1 : Petit Four (API level 2)

    On 9 February 2009, the Android 1.1 update was released, initially for the HTC Dream only. Android 1.1 was known as “Petit Four” internally, though this name was not used officially. The update resolved bugs, changed the Android API and added a number of features.

    • Details and reviews available when a user searches for businesses on Maps
    • Longer in-call screen timeout default when using the speakerphone, plus ability to show/hide dial pad
    • Ability to save attachments in messages
    • Support added for marquee in system layouts
  • Android 1.5 : Cupcake (API level 3)

    On 27 April 2009, the Android 1.5 update was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.27. This was the first release to officially use a codename based on a dessert item (“Cupcake”), a theme which would be used for all releases henceforth. The update included several new features and UI amendments:

    • Support for third-party virtual keyboards with text prediction and user dictionary for custom words
    • Support for Widgets – miniature application views that can be embedded in other applications (such as the Home screen) and receive periodic updates
    • Video recording and playback in MPEG-4 and 3GP formats
    • Auto-pairing and stereo support for Bluetooth (A2DP and AVRCP profiles)
    • Copy and paste features in web browser
    • User pictures shown for Favorites in Contacts
    • Specific date/time stamp shown for events in call log, and one-touch access to a contact card from call log event
    • Animated screen transitions
    • Auto-rotation option
    • New stock boot animation
    • Ability to upload videos to YouTube
    • Ability to upload photos to Picasa
  • Android 1.6 : Donut (API level 4)

    On 15 September 2009, the Android 1.6 SDK – dubbed Donut – was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.29. Included in the update were numerous new features  :

    • Voice and text entry search enhanced to include bookmark history, contacts, and the web
    • Ability for developers to include their content in search results
    • Multi-lingual speech synthesis engine to allow any Android application to “speak” a string of text
    • Easier searching and ability to view app screenshots in Android Market
    • Gallery, camera and camcorder more fully integrated, with faster camera access
    • Ability for users to select multiple photos for deletion
    • Updated technology support for CDMA/EVDO, 802.1x, VPNs, and a text-to-speech engine
    • Support for WVGA screen resolutions
    • Speed improvements in searching and camera applications
    • Expanded Gesture framework and new GestureBuilder development tool
  • Android 2.0 / 2.0.1 Eclair (API level 6 & 7) & Android 2.1 Eclair (API level 8)

    On 26 October 2009, the Android 2.0 SDK – codenamed Eclair – was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.29. Changes included:

    • Expanded Account sync, allowing users to add multiple accounts to a device for synchronization of email and contacts
    • Microsoft Exchange email support, with combined inbox to browse email from multiple accounts in one page
    • Bluetooth 2.1 support
    • Ability to tap a Contacts photo and select to call, SMS, or email the person
    • Ability to search all saved SMS and MMS messages, with delete oldest messages in a conversation automatically deleted when a defined limit is reached
    • Numerous new camera features, including flash support, digital zoom, scene mode, white balance, color effect and macro focus
    • Improved typing speed on virtual keyboard, with smarter dictionary that learns from word usage and includes contact names as suggestions
    • Refreshed browser UI with bookmark thumbnails, double-tap zoom and support for HTML5
    • Calendar agenda view enhanced, showing attending status for each invitee, and ability to invite new guests to events
    • Optimized hardware speed and revamped UI
    • Support for more screen sizes and resolutions, with better contrast ratio
    • Improved Google Maps 3.1.2
    • MotionEvent class enhanced to track multi-touch events
    • Addition of live wallpapers, allowing the animation of home-screen background images to show movement
    • Android 2.0.1 is released on 3 December 2009 with Minor API changes, bug fixes and framework behavioral changes
    • Android 2.1 is released on 12 January 2010 with Minor amendments to the API and bug fixes.
  • Android 2.2–2.2.3 Froyo (API level 8)

    On 20 May 2010, the SDK for Android 2.2 (Froyo, short for frozen yogurt) was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.32

    • Speed, memory, and performance optimizations
    • Additional application speed improvements, implemented through JIT compilation
    • Integration of Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine into the Browser application
    • Support for the Android Cloud to Device Messaging (C2DM) service, enabling push notifications
    • Improved Microsoft Exchange support, including security policies, auto-discovery, GAL look-up, calendar synchronization and remote wipe
    • Improved application launcher with shortcuts to Phone and Browser applications
    • USB tethering and Wi-Fi hotspot functionality
    • Option to disable data access over mobile network
    • Updated Market application with batch and automatic update features
    • Quick switching between multiple keyboard languages and their dictionaries
    • Voice dialing and contact sharing over Bluetooth
    • Support for Bluetooth-enabled car and desk docks
    • Support for numeric and alphanumeric passwords
    • Support for file upload fields in the Browser application
    • Support for installing applications to the expandable memory
    • Adobe Flash support
    • Support for high-PPI displays (up to 320 ppi), such as 4″ 720p screens
    • Gallery allows users to view picture stacks using a zoom gesture
    • Android 2.0 / 2.0.1 Eclair (API level 6 & 7) & Android 2.1 Eclair (API level 8)
    • Android 2.2.1 on 18 January 2011 with Bug fixes, security updates and performance improvements
    • Android 2.2.2 on 22 January 2011 with Minor bug fixes, including SMS routing issues that affected the Nexus One
    • Android 2.2.3 on 21 November 2011 with some security patches
  • Android 2.3–2.3.2 Gingerbread (API level 9)

    On 6 December 2010, the Android 2.3 (Gingerbread) SDK was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.35. Changes included :

    • Updated user interface design with increased simplicity and speed
    • Support for extra-large screen sizes and resolutions (WXGA and higher)
    • Native support for SIP VoIP internet telephony
    • Faster, more intuitive text input in virtual keyboard, with improved accuracy, better suggested text and voice input mode
    • Enhanced copy/paste functionality, allowing users to select a word by press-hold, copy, and paste
    • Support for Near Field Communication (NFC), allowing the user to read an NFC tag embedded in a poster, sticker, or advertisement
    • New audio effects such as reverb, equalization, headphone virtualization, and bass boost
    • New Download Manager, giving users easy access to any file downloaded from the browser, email, or another application
    • Support for multiple cameras on the device, including a front-facing camera, if available
    • Support for WebM/VP8 video playback, and AAC audio encoding
    • Improved power management with a more active role in managing apps that are keeping the device awake for too long
    • Enhanced support for native code development
    • Switched from YAFFS to ext4 on newer devices
    • Audio, graphical, and input enhancements for game developers
    • Concurrent garbage collection for increased performance
    • Native support for more sensors (such as gyroscopes and barometers)
Content Protection by DMCA.com

If any APK download infringes your copyright, please contact us, We'll delete it any way.

About the Author
Miss Andry, expertise in writing content, user reviews and android articles. She has experience in Blogging for more than 6 years.

Leave a Reply